30 October 2015
The second livestreamed COP21-CPN briefing took place in Paris today with special guests, Valérie Masson-Delmotte, the newly elected Co-Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel On Climate Change (IPCC)'s physical science working group and Hervé Le Treut, climatologist, Director of the Pierre-Simon Laplace Institute, member of the Academy of Sciences and review editor for the IPCC. They were interviewed by Marina Bertsch, environment journalist at France24.
Ellen Andersen, environment journalist at Politiken, Ole Mathismoen, political journalist at Aftenposten, John Nery, associate editor at the Philippine Daily Inquirer and Nabeelah Shabbir, journalist covering the Keep It In The Ground campaign at the Guardian, put their questions to the two speakers via video link during the press briefing that was supported by Google. Cecile Serrat, journalist at Agence France Presse also particpated in the briefing via the hangout's chat feature.
The hangout was streamed immediately following the release of a synthesis by the Secretariat of the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention of Climate Change) summarising the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) submitted by more than 150 countries.
* On The INDCs:
Valérie Masson-Delmotte: The INDCs imply a slowdown of global greenhouse gases. Global emissions should stabilise, instead of increasing year by year, and then go down until the end of this century. Today, all contributions submitted to the UNFCCC cover 87% of global emissions.
Hervé Le Treut: The INDCs submitted by more than 150 countries cover a period from 2020-2030, so if you want to have an idea of the temperature at the end of the century you have to make assumptions between 2030 and 2100. I think it is too early to say we cannot go to 2 degrees with these INDCs. We will just have to make stronger efforts later on.
* On COP 21 And The 2 Degree Limit
Hervé Le Treut: The first mention of the target of the 2 degree limit was in documents by the Brussels administration. There is not just one level of danger, but many: coral reefs, forests, mountains areas, glaciers. I think the 2 degree limit applies to the entire range of diversity of things we see on the earth.
Valérie Masson-Delmotte: It’s difficult for scientists to answer to the point of “danger” because it depends on the context, on governments, etc. One of the key points of the negotiations, and of the COP21, is the objective to limit the temperature increase below 2 degrees before the end the century. This 2 degree target was a simple number when it came out in 1990s and it seemed, at the time, feasible. I wish there will be an agreement in Paris. COP21 should be new way of action against climate change.
* On Decarbonising The Economy:
Valérie Masson-Delmotte: The INDCs are not really decarbonisation; it’s a decoupling between population growth, economical growth and emissions.
Hervé Le Treut: There are many ways to decarbonise, such as soil use and forestation. We will have to make infrastructural efforts to change our transportation and city management.
The goal of the COP21-CPN briefings is to update environment journalists on the latest negotiations before the Paris conference (30 November – 11 December 2015).
Climate Publishers Network is a syndication created by 33 media organisations from around the world in order to collaborate on their coverage of climate change. All the hangout briefings are in English. Access to the hangout is direct; no registration is required. The COP21-CPN briefings are supported by Google.
Contact: Karen Burke, Director of Communications, GEN: email@example.com